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By the Waters of Babylon Summary & Analysis

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By the Waters of Babylon Summary & Analysis

LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in By the Waters of Babylon, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.

The Pursuit of Knowledge

The Coming of Age Quest

Superstition, Magic, and Technology

Rivalry, War, and Destruction

Summary Of By The Waters Of Babylon |

Summary Of By The Waters Of Babylon | – Summary Of By The Waters Of Babylon 796 Words4 Pages The main character in "By the Waters of Babylon" is John, he is the protagonist of the story. He has shown audacity and ambition in his character.Download By the Waters of Babylon Study Guide Subscribe Now For this reason, the story is anachronistic, meaning that it reflects its own time period but seems outdated in our animation of a short history "By Waters Of Babylon" writed by Stephen Vincent Benét an animated by CBSJ team

By the Waters of Babylon Analysis – – 10th grade english projectBy the Waters of Babylon is a thrilling story that was written by Stephen Vincent Benét about the son of a priest going to forbidden land. The story provides substantial details of the son's journey and shows how a man when provided with an opportunity and an idea follows his instinct.Summary Of The Waters Of Babylon, By The Waters Of Babylon 843 Words4 Pages In the story, "By The Waters Of Babylon," written by Stephen Vincent Benet, a great change occurred from centuries before John's society. Even though this change happened long before John's society came about, it still affected the way his society's culture was.

By the Waters of Babylon Analysis -

by the waters of babylon animation – YouTube – "By the Waters of Babylon" is a story told by a young narrator who seeks wisdom in the ruins of a once-great civilization. By the Waters of Babylon Introducing the Story •As John, the narrator, explores the ruins, readers gradually come to understand the tragedy of the Great Burning and the significance of the Place of the Gods.Harnessing Statements: The short story "By the Waters of Babylon" explores the idea of a post-apocalyptic world where the advancement of technology leads an entire city to extermination. As a result, the consequences of mankind's mistakes determines the outcome of the future.By The Waters of Babylon The story of "By the Waters of Babylon" written by Stephen Vincent Benet is about a son of a priest who goes out on a journey. The story, told in 1st person point of view, takes place in a community of people called "the people of the hills."

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History Summarized: Mesopotamia — The Bronze Age – Welcome to the Bronze Age: an 11 part collaboration of historical YouTube channels.
Be sure to follow up with the video by Epimetheus by checking out the playlist in the description As first up in this big bronze bonanza, I'll be taking you back to the very beginning. Nope. No too far. No, a little more. Perfect. There we go. The history of Mesopotamia is, let's see to put it respectfully and professionally, crazy f***ing old! Herodotus could pick up a tablet inscribed with the Epic of Gilgamesh or the Sumerian Kings list and it would describe things older to him than he even seems to us. And, old as they were, they still lived in urbanized societies and experienced historical plot lines that may seem eerily familiar to the later world. So to find out why civilizations sprang up in the Fertile Crescent, and how its history unfolded over the course of the Bronze Age, let's do some history. For the sake of our narrative, I'll tell you right off that even though Mesopotamian history features a merry-go-round of different societies playing protagonist, the underlying culture was consistent throughout. The reason for all this shifting around was geography and ultimately water. Mesopotamia is Greek for "the land between the rivers," in this case the Tigris and the Euphrates. Much like the Nile in Egypt and the Indus further east, Mesopotamian civilization arose specifically because of the sustenance these rivers provided. But even this map doesn't do it justice because the alluvial Valley is criss-crossed by several smaller waterways, making the rivers more of a web than one highway. Compared to Egypt where one guy with a few boats can control the entire Nile River, the almost labyrinthine Mesopotamian rivers made it exceptionally difficult for any one society to sustainably exercise power over the others. And also unlike the Nile, what with its pleasantly regular flood patterns and such, Mesopotamia flooded randomly and violently. We'll… We'll double back to Noah later. But I also want to point out a crucial element of early Mesopotamian religion: the Abzu. In contrast to the deity Tiamat, the primordial embodiment of salt water, Abzu was the primeval sea of creation that was believed to lie underneath the world, and explain the presence of fresh water springs, rivers, and lakes which became spiritually revered. It's really not a stretch to give a healthy little sprinkling of divine reverence to the stuff that gives your entire civilization life, you know? So enough preamble. Let's have us a city. Arguably, the oldest urban settlement in history is the City of Eridu. Established by the edge of a lake in the more fertile south during the 6th millennium BC. But insanely old timescales and permanent dwellings were only part of the equation. Just as important were a centralized government and a social hierarchy, a division of labor and natural resources to work with, religion and culture to give life that extra little pizzazz, and of course rules to follow. It's all of these things first established here that have gone on to define the very concept of civilization for millennia to follow. But there's also one last factor. See, even as early as the 4th millennium BC the city already had layers of ruins It seems that Eridu deliberately tore down and rebuilt itself layer by layer, replacing old buildings with bigger, grander ones to accommodate a growing population, and a deepening self awareness of what would become civilizations ultimate goal: progress. We take it for granted now that things should get better with time as we build on what came before, but that idea first took hold back in Eridu. Eridu had a really great run but all things must come to an end at one point or another, and in Mesopotamia that sometimes happened very suddenly and without much warning. While historians have usually chalked it up to environmental changes making certain places less agriculturally viable, there are also arguments for how the typically swampy lakes and slow-moving rivers served as disease vectors for stuff like malaria, which could break enough links in the chain to completely cripple an entire city. *Scoff* Thanks, Malaria. Anyway, on the topic of things being abandoned and/or broken, it's time to talk about the flood. Yes, THE flood I mean should anyone really be shocked that a river basin known for volatile flooding is associated with tales of a literally world ending flood? Archaeological evidence has definitively shown that entire cities got washed clean away by water sometime in the mid to late 3000's BC. Did the entire world flood over? No, that's… that's pretty clear But, locally the Near East and Mesopotamia suffered really badly, so it's no surprise when multiple different sources all point to tales of one big bad flood. Noah and the character of Utnapishtim in the Epic of Gilgamesh are practivally identical. In the epic, the gods wrecked humanity because their constant midnight partying interrupted their divine 7 to 8 hours of nightly sleep. That's not very far off from Genesis. So, with the world washed more or less clean, the 2000s BC saw new order of society developed during the so-called Early Dynastic period. Here, as more players jump onto the game of life, we see a linguistic split between the Sumerians in the South and the Semitic Acadians to the North. And, like ancient Greece, and medieval Spain ,and Renaissance Italy, There's a proliferation of independent city-states vying for control of lands and waterways. in addition to archaeological evidence, we're lucky enough to have the sumerian king list, compiled several centuries down the line, but nonetheless helpful in understanding the constant power struggle that defined the third millenium. Cities fought over farmlands and grazing lands taking turns playing Hegemon, while still nobody was able to establish any kind of permanent Dominion. But, speaking of people kicking the crap out of each other, let's talk Bronze Age warfare. The central component of any Mesopotamian army would have been the spearmen infantry supported by highly skilled slingers. Though a sling does resemble a child's toy, it doubles the effective length of a throwers arm, and a capable slinger could launch a stone faster than an archers arrow and unsurprisingly with a substantially heavier payload. The whole David-and-Goliath dealio should show that the sling was no laughing matter. In any case, a well trained and supplied army was a valuable commodity and in a turbulent world a warlord could become a very powerful figure, so it should be no surprise that they regularly made themselves into full-on kings. Speaking of being better than everybody else, the most prominent city to emerge in the early third millennium was Uruk. Home city to the legendary hero-king Gilgamesh. His epic poem goes into considerable detail about the splendor of the city itself, calling attention to the walls, fields, canals, gardens, and temple that would have made Uruk the envy of the Bronze Age. As the biggest city in the world during its mid third millenium heyday, Uruk was a hub of production and innovation. Archaeological evidence suggests that someone had the bright idea to take the spinning discs of pottery turntables, stands them upright, and jam an axle in there to whip up a simple, but nonetheless ingenious wheeled chariot. And I just think that's really cool! Along those lines the development of new technologies and the expansion of trade relations to bring in goods like that sweet, sweet lapis lazuli all contributed to the general well-being of Uruk. But to keep track of all this productivity the Sumerians flexed with probably the most important innovation ever. Writing Cuneiform script, notable for its wedge-shaped markings and brain-melting complexity, was used to account trade and production, to write out legal codes, and eventually to codify literature like the Epic of Gilgamesh. There was also like taxes and stuff to worry about. There was a lot of things, okay? Writing was a big-ass deal and I'm not just saying that because it's like 50% of my current day job. Big deal. The next big change in Mesopotamia came from further north, where a palace servant to his local ruler later became King. And then he had the crazy idea of conquering absolutely everything. So he went and did it, the absolute madman. He first stretched down towards the Persian Gulf before following the rivers back Northwest to bring all of Mesopotamia under his Dominion. Sargon, whose name means "legitimate King" in Akkadian, effectively created the first empire in human history. Although he obviously used force to bring the people of Samaria and Akkad under his wing, evidence points to his reputation as a Unifier, as his legacy was revered by Mesopotamians for over 1,500 years after his life. The unfortunate reality is that we just don't know all that much about him, but historians have made some insights. For one, legit King Sargon was a strictly historical figure, fighting other kingdoms rather than the monsters of the Gilgamesh epic. He's also believed to have brought significant prosperity to his empire, as more interconnected cities experienced sick gains to productivity, and a little cross-pollination of culture to go along. Perhaps the most topical aspect for our purposes here is the increased manufacture of bronze. Whereas anyone can pick up a rock and make a stone tool, forging metal was hard work. Raw materials must be mined and transported so that metal workers with specialized equipment and years of training may fashion them into tools and weapons. That's a complex and expensive process that is substantially easier if every city has access to everyone else's resources as well. A happy beneficiary of this was the military who could fight better with shiny new sword chopping action. While Sargon's successors presided over a heavily militarized society, (and I mean to conquer Mesopotamia kinda had to you know?) there was all manner of visual, architectural, and poetic art being created. Cool dudes like Sargon's grandson, Naram-Sin, strengthened the bureaucracy to increase the efficiency of that hot intercity trade As such, it's here that we finally see trans-imperial standardization of weights and measurements. And it's good that they changed it when they did because it's just so Infuriating and primitive to have two different sets of units for the exact same measurements. Gosh, could you imagine(!) But like Eridu, in Uruk, and now with Akkad, the entire society collapsed mysteriously almost as if overnight as entire cities vacated for centuries. The Guti mountain people often bear the blame for coming in and sacking everything all willy-nilly, but it doesn't quite make sense that some random barbarians could overwhelm the highly advanced Akkadian army. So what really happened? A century long Dark Age that followed the collapse of Akkad is marked by famine from what we can tell, as Mesopotamia effectively withered into a desert all 30s Dust Bowl style Oh, no, don't tell me they're highly efficient yet terrifyingly fragile infrastructure totally collapsed when changes to climate made it impossible to reliably provide resources Mm-hmm. Well take away the Army's food and you might as well not have an army, so makes sense that the Guti, desperate for what little farmland remained, were able to overwhelm the Akkadians. What followed was over a century of quiet, traditional living, a far cry from the glory of old, but much more sustainable with fewer moving parts to get barbar-ized. In the 21st century BC, three centuries after Sargon's conquests, Utu-hengal of Ur finally rid Mesopotamia of the Guti and ordered the compilation of the Sumerian king list, partially in order to trace his own legitimacy back to Sargon and well well beyond, and partially because people were justifiably worried about losing all that information for good in the event of another sacking This neo-Sumerian Empire carried out a true renaissance of the Akkadian civilization, making as best of a return to form as can be imagined. Though the seat of power was back down south in Ur, the culture, urbanization, economics, bureaucracy, and overall way of life closely resembled their glorious past for a solid century. But the time stamp doesn't lie and something or other has to collapse before this video ends. This time, the culprit was taxes. In 20 short years, the Imperial provinces just kind of stopped contributing as everyone declared independence piece by piece. The Sumerians attempted to build a wall to keep out Western barbarians but that went about as well as it always does and they ended up getting invaded by the Elamite Easterners in the confusion. And, just like that, we're back to a smattering of city-states. The protagonists in the next chapter in the history of Mesopotamia will be the famed Babylonians, but we'll pick that one up in another video soon. And that's the history of Mesopotamia's Bronze Age. Fair to say it was one slow burn. What amazes me most is the degree to which geography and the simple layout of the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys helped create a shared network of culture, while making it actively difficult to establish and maintain one unified Kingdom. The other moral of the story is that complex societies are inherently more fragile and even the slightest change to the natural order of things can have catastrophic consequences! Okay. Have fun. Bye, bye! Thank you all so much for watching. If you want to learn more about this enigmatic period in world history, please be sure to check out the Bronze Age playlist in the description. Next up is Epimetheus with a video about the Chinese Bronze Age, and if you like reading the last chapter first, hop on over to the Cynical Historian for a video about Bronze Age archaeology. .

THE BAREFOOT INVESTOR (BY SCOTT PAPE) – I'll never be wealthy …
I'm just not smart enough with money! Money is always going to be a problem. I don't earn enough! It's too late, I'll never reach financial independence. If only I had started in my early twenties. Has this ever been you? In that case this video is for you. This is a top 5 takeaway summary of The Barefoot Investor, written by Scott Pape. Most people doubt their own ability to handle money. In The Barefoot Investor, Scott Pape explains why this is silly, and why handling your personal finances in a sound manner can have a huge positive impact on your own life as well as those around you. Let me start this off by quoting Scott Pape, the very, very Australian Barefoot Investor himself: "This is the finance geek's version of UFC – it's bare knuckle financial fighting, and with me as your coach, you're going to win! Ding ding, let's jump in the ring! Takeaway number 1: Plant your tree So, how does one best handle his personal finances? One of the best illustrations I've heard is presented in this book: You plant a tree. Or well .. more specifically – an apple tree. Planting the tree is a huge decision in the right direction. Give yourself a pat on the back! But it's obviously not a short-term fix. No one in their right mind plants an apple tree one day only to come back a week later and be like: "Where are my bloody apples?!" No. Neither do you pull up the samplings and try to put them in another part of your garden where it seems like it might be sunnier. And you don't get desperate and buy the program from that "grow-trees-quick dude" that you've seen on the ads on YouTube. You just trust that the tree will grow. As long as you nurture it, consistently adding fertilizers and water, you trust the process and that you eventually will have a full grown tree. A year or so down the road, you might see some of the first apples. They are small and sour at this stage – not really what you expected from an apple tree, but that doesn't make you lose confidence in the process. So you keep adding fertilizers and water. And you keep the bloody deer away from your tree! After that initial struggle you even forget about the tree for a while and just get on with your life. Eventually that tree has grown deep and thick roots, with strong branches and delicious apples. Enough to feed your whole family! And when your days have come to an end, your grandkids, and even their kids can enjoy apples of that magnificent tree. Okay, I'm not really a botanist. I have no clue if apple trees can become that old! But you get the idea. Personal finance is the same: Plant the seeds of wealth, trust in the process, and enjoy life-changing harvest Takeaway number 2: Three common excuses Usually there's a resistance against planting that first seed though. We mentioned them in the beginning. Does this sound familiar? "I'll never have apples. I'm just not smart enough with plants!" Sorry, I just can't stop thinking about apple trees. What I was trying to say: the most common excuses against starting the journey towards financial freedom are: Not being smart enough A low salary Being old Let's shut these three down. Firstly – no one is born smart with money. This is a skill, a skill that can be taught! Also, it has more to do with behavior and control rather than brains. Secondly, it's not about what you earn. It's about what you save. Remember the age-old wisdom from George Clayton's "The Richest Man in Babylon" that: "What each of us calls our necessary expenses, will always grow to equal our income – unless we protest to the contrary." You can always check out my summary of the book. Thirdly … Please stop for a second and tell me when you expect to die. Now subtract your current age from that number. If I can trust these statistics that YouTube provides me with, regarding the audience of this channel – you have many years to go. It is NOT too late. Takeaway number 3: The nine barefoot steps So far, this video may have been a bit abstract. Now it's time to get practical. Here are the nine barefoot steps towards financial freedom. (Which do look an awful lot like seven baby steps that I've seen somewhere before) Hmmm … Anyways, here they are! Step number 1: Schedule a monthly barefoot date night What it means: Once every month, have a talk to your significant other or yourself about your finances. Step number 2: Set up your buckets What it means: Distribute your income into three separate buckets. This strategy replaces boring old budgets. Step number 3: Domino your debts What it means: Get debt-free by starting to pay off your debts one by one. Start with the smallest ones – we need some quick wins. Step number 4: Buy your home What it means: Not only is it the Yanks' dream to have a home of his own. It's the Aussies' dream too. Step number 5: increase your "Super" to 15% What it means: Increase your retirement savings to 15% of your pre-tax income. Step number 6: Boost your "Mojo" to three months What it means: Boost your emergency fund to a level where you can support yourself and your family with it for three months. You haven't really reached FU money yet, but you are getting there. Step number 7: Get the banker off your back What it means: Whereas step number three gets you debt-free from those smaller debts, this is where you aim for the big one – your mortgage. After this, you're finally free from bankers and interest payments! Winner winner, chicken dinner. Step number 8: Nail your retirement number What it means: Google "retirement calculator" plus the name of your country and enter your details. Step number 9: Leave a legacy What it means: Remember what I said earlier about the grandkids being able to enjoy those apples? In the last two takeaways I'll do a deep dive in two of the, in my opinion, most interesting steps. Which happens to be the two first ones, but I still read the whole book. I promise. Takeaway number 4: Schedule a monthly barefoot date night Setting up bank accounts?? Redirecting my retirement savings?? Sorting out my insurance?? BORING!! [distant voice temptations with wine and garlic bread] What really?? Okay. Yeah, I'll consider it. Having the "money talk" – with or without a partner – is essential, and doing so while enjoying a nice meal enhances the experience. Never underestimate yourself with a glass of wine in your hand! The barefoot investor suggests that you should start out weekly and with the pre-made menus. Later, you can change to monthly and you may improvise and choose your own topics. But here are the suggested menus for the first three date nights: First night Entree: Apply for to everyday transaction accounts without fees. Call them "daily expenses" and "splurge". Apply also for two online savings accounts with decent interest rates. Call them "smile" and "fire extinguisher". Main course: Apply for an online savings account from a different bank. Call it "mojo". Dessert: Champagne Second night Entree: Google PDS plus the name of the fund or funds that your retirement savings are currently being invested into. Open the document. Scroll down to the section called fees and charges. Main course: If your current fund or funds are charging you more than 0.85% in total yearly fees, switch to a cheaper one. Dessert: Something rich and thick. Third night This one is a bit too country specific in the book. I'm looking at you Aussies! So I'll modify it a bit. Entree: Do you live in a country where you need private health insurance, then remember to choose an option with a higher excess. Higher excess means lower annual premiums. Also, be sure to call your insurance company once every year and tell them that "I'm kind of thinking about switching …" "Can we do something here?". That way you'll save a lot of money through reduced fees. Main course: Insure against your house burning down, serious car accidents, traveling overseas and getting sick and being unable to work. If you have kids, you also want to insure against death. Save money by applying the same two strategies as mentioned for private health insurance. Dessert: Skip the dessert and head home for some "grown-up time". If you're single get Tinder premium. Take away number 5: Set up your buckets For most people, budgets don't work. They're like extreme diets. No one is ever able to stick to them! Wouldn't it be wonderful instead to have a simple solution that is easier to stick with? This is where the three buckets strategy comes into play. You put your money on autopilot and never have to worry about budgeting again. So what is this three bucket strategy? Basically, it's all about distributing the water from your income tap in a strategic manner. You want a blow, a grow and a Mojo bucket. The Mojo bucket is fairly simple. You need some backup if you're getting a visit from an unexpected Black Swan. Therefore, fill this one up as soon as possible with

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,000. Work overtime, sell stuff on eBay, become a Uber driver, sell your kidney … The grow bucket is also fairly simple. "If you want to stay poor – focus on spending your money. If you want to become wealthy – focus on saving and investing your money." This bucket will get you a little bit wealthier every day. Make sure that you save at least 9.5 percent of your pre-tax income for retirement. Use a low-cost fund. The blow bucket is a bit more complicated as it consists of three additional buckets in itself and also quite a bit of leakage. A bucket within a bucket …? Yes, or no, actually, there are three buckets within a bucket. The blow bucket is about spending more money on the things that you enjoy and less on useless activities and "stuff". After you've set aside money for your mojo and grow buckets – 60% of your income should be dedicated to your daily expenses. This represents the leakage in the bucket. You can't really survive without spend this amount. Next: Automatically transfer 10% of the money going into this bucket to the splurge account mentioned before. Spend this money on anything that makes you feel good – furniture from Ikea, music on Spotify, clothes from H&M … There is a lot of nice Swedish stuff to pick from! After that, another 10% goes into your smile account. This is money that you save for the big stuff: an exotic vacation … a new car … Finally, we have the remaining 20%. Which should automatically be transferred from your monthly salary into your fire extinguisher account. Typically, people have a lot of fires to put out when they start this journey. You need to clip those credit cards, earn a deposit for buying your own home, and pay off your mortgage. Luckily, the fire extinguisher was created for this sole purpose. Here's everything that I've talked about in this video in just 35 seconds: Plant the apple tree. "But I'm not smart enough with m…." NO EXCUSES. "But … how?" Follow the 9 bear footsteps. "But … my wife (or husband) surely won't agree to this" He or she will, if you take him or her out on a barefoot date night. "But … I hate budgets" Most people do! So why not skip it, but force yourself to be financially sound automatically by setting up the three buckets? Scott Pape is awesome and hilarious. You may get his book from the link in the description if you wish to read or listen to The Barefoot Investor and enjoy the full version. Cheers guys. Hooroo! .

How did Kabbalah Begin? Brief History of Jewish Mysticism – How did Kabbalah begin? At the center of Kabbalah and by
that I mean an ancient mystic stream of Judaism not this place
in LA.
At the center of Kabbalah is a book called the Zohar which is a book that collects knowledge from even older Jewish mystical works. It looks at verses in the Bible and ideas in Judaism through the lens of the ten sefirot. Put simply each of these sefirot is a way to interact with an aspect of God Through these sefirot, the Zohar created new ways to think about lots of the
Bible and really to think about Judaism in general. Mystical ways. Now the Zohar was written in the 13th century in a culture where there was both
intellectual curiosity and deep religious fervor. In this culture this
was in northern Spain on one hand they were influenced by the teachings of
Maimonides who was a Jewish thinker with a Greek philosophical perspective. So, he said you can't ever know what God does just what God doesn't do. In other words
you shouldn't ever assume God's actions have a direct effect on you. It's an intellectual way to approach God. and then they were influenced by Christian
Europe's religious fervor. God has a direct effect on me. so how can God simultaneously
have an effect and not have an effect? Mysticisms answer is
there are multiple aspects to God. We can't interact with God who is
unknowable at say the Ein Sof but we can interact with 10 constricted aspects
of God, the sefriot. A small group of people wrote about this in 13th century
northern Spain. One was Nachmanides and his interpretations of the Torah and the other was Moshe de Leon who collected older texts that formed into the Zohar. These older texts focused on trying to understand some difficult sections in the Bible like the logic behind creation or the chariot vision of Ezekiel and the
apocalyptic visions of Daniel. Notably only a small group of scholars are read
any of the Kabbalistic text including the zohar as it was generally accepted
that studying them might drive you mad. That is until two hundred and fifty
years later. So 60 years after the Spanish Inquisition, Isaac Luria in Safed entered the picture. To greatly generalize, at this time Jews were in a
down place. The whole focus of the religion was on living in the past and being sad about where we are now,
not in Spain having fun. Lauria had this revelatory idea to take the principles of Kabbalahism found in the Zohar and
evolved them instead of it mostly being about understanding
the sefriot, Kabbalahism was now about collecting sparks Lauria said the world was
originally a perfect vessel but it was destroyed and it's up to us to collect
all of the pieces. Each time we do a good deed, we're collecting these sparks and
taking another step towards the Messiah. For instance the way a person held a
kiddush cup could create a spark as holding it in a certain way showed off
God's name. Lots of traditions Jews do to this day
were created by Lauria and people that followed him. Kabbalat Shabbat for instance. So with Lauria instead of being sad
about the past suddenly Judaism was about looking
towards the future and the hope of salvation by the Messiah and these thoughts were wildly popular. It got people to follow many more traditions
and it's significantly spread Kabbalah. It continued to grow until it brought
about the Messiah. Well it it brought about someone who claimed to be the
Messiah and this through a major wrench in people's faith in the movement so the
story continues with this guy Sabbatai Zevi he was a false messiah he was
a person who almost brought down Judaism. .