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Cervix in early pregnancy: What changes to expect

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Cervix in early pregnancy: What changes to expect

In early pregnancy, changes take place in the position and texture of the cervix and the consistency and color of cervical discharge. Tracking changes in the cervix can help a woman detect whether she is pregnant.

The cervix is a circular band of muscle that separates the uterus from the vagina. The cervix changes at different points in the menstrual cycle and throughout the stages of pregnancy.

In this article, we look at how the cervix and cervical discharge change in the early stages of pregnancy. We also discuss how women can check their cervix for changes.

The cervix undergoes various changes throughout the menstrual cycle and in early pregnancy, which we discuss in the following sections.

PositionShare on PinterestDuring the early stages of pregnancy, the cervix undergoes many changes.

When a woman is not pregnant, the position of her cervix changes throughout the stages of the menstrual cycle:

During ovulation, the cervix is higher in the vagina.After ovulation and before menstruation, if the woman has not become pregnant, the cervix drops lower in the vagina.

If a woman has conceived, the cervix will remain higher in the vagina, with its position being similar to that during ovulation.


The texture of the cervix also changes in early pregnancy due to increased blood flow. If the woman has not conceived, the cervix will feel firm to the touch, like the tip of a nose. If she has conceived, the cervix will feel softer, more closely resembling the lips.

Cervical discharge

The consistency and color of cervical discharge change in different stages of the menstrual cycle. Some women use the consistency of their discharge, or cervical fluid, to track the stages of their menstrual cycle. This technique is one component of natural family planning.

Understanding the typical cervical mucus changes throughout the menstrual cycle can help women identify early pregnancy:

Immediately after a period, women may notice reduced discharge or mild vaginal dryness.A few days after this but well before ovulation, discharge becomes sticky and may appear white or yellow.In the fertile window in the days before ovulation, discharge will increase and become creamy and opaque.At ovulation and a day or so before, the cervical mucus will be stretchy and resemble egg white.After ovulation, cervical mucus will begin to dry up and thicken if the woman is not pregnant.

A woman who has conceived during her cycle may notice cervical mucus increasing instead of drying up after ovulation.

According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, light bleeding or spotting may occur around the time of implantation, which is generally 1–2 weeks after conception.

Feeling the cervix offers clues regarding early pregnancy, but it is not a sure way to detect pregnancy. Cervical changes may be subtle, and not all women will be familiar enough with their cervix to pick up on the changes. The only guaranteed way to check for pregnancy is with a pregnancy test.

However, women can check their cervix at home. To do this, they should clean the hands thoroughly before placing a finger into the vagina. The location of the cervix is in the top wall, nearest the stomach, and it should feel like a small bump.

Women who are trying to conceive may wish to become familiar with their cervical patterns. Doing this will make them better able to pick up on changes that occur during ovulation and early pregnancy.

Cervical changes are among the many changes that the body undergoes during early pregnancy. Other symptoms of early pregnancy include:

breast tendernessnauseafood aversionsfood cravingsheadachesconstipationslight crampingmood swingsfatiguefrequent urinationbloatingnasal congestion

These symptoms are not unique to a pregnancy and may be reasonably mild initially. The same symptoms can also appear just before a menstrual period. It is not possible to tell whether a woman is pregnant without her taking a pregnancy test.

Share on PinterestIf a woman experiences cervical discharge that is foul smelling, green, or bloody, they should seek advice from a doctor.

Women who think that they might be pregnant should make an appointment with a doctor. They should also talk to a doctor if they miss their period for several months and are not pregnant or if they experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.

During early pregnancy, it is best to talk to a doctor if cervical discharge is:

foul smellinggreenbloody due to a cause other than menstruation

Additionally, a person should let their doctor know if they are experiencing vaginal itching or pain. These symptoms can indicate other infections that may affect the cervix.

Women can expect their cervix to change throughout pregnancy. During early pregnancy, the cervix will change slightly in position and in how it feels to the touch. Cervical discharge will also change in consistency and color.

During pregnancy, a woman should see her doctor if she has any doubts, questions, or concerns.

Why the cervix is so important during pregnancy

Why the cervix is so important during pregnancy – "During early pregnancy, the cervix is really firm and closed, pointing to the back of the vagina," explains Nicola Strydom, a registered midwife in Calgary. About one percent of pregnant women have a cervical problem, known as an incompetent cervix or cervical insufficiency.Learn about colposcopy, cervical biopsy, CIN, and updated cervical cancer screening and It means that some cells don't look completely normal, but it's not clear if the changes are caused by During a colposcopy your health care provider inserts a speculum to gently open the vagina and view the cervix.During early pregnancy, your cervix becomes softer and swells a bit – this is due to increased blood flow, which is in turn due to the rising levels of estrogen in your body. The length of your cervix might also change if you have bleeding complications, inflammation, an overstretched uterus, or an infection.

Understanding HPV and Pap Test Results – National Cancer Institute – Since your cycle changes during pregnancy, your discharge can, too. Let's start with how the discharge situation goes down when you're not pregnant. It could also be your bloody show. But since heavier bleeding during pregnancy could indicate problems like a cervical infection or…During pregnancy the egg white discharge stays on for a longer period than usual, since the level of estrogen remains rather high. Further, after the formation of a mucous plug in the uterine cervix, the mucus thickens, acquiring a typical "progesterone-determined" look. Thus, phase changes are typical…Cervical cancer develops in the lower part of the uterus, known as the cervix. Sometimes a pregnant woman may feel these irregularities. Such changes are normal during pregnancy. However, other abnormal heart sounds and rhythms (for example, diastolic murmurs and a rapid, irregular heart…

Understanding HPV and Pap Test Results - National Cancer Institute

Gateway To Your Baby – Cervical Changes During Pregnancy And… – The cervical changes in pregnancy are the following; – Cervix will elongate – The cervix will soften during the woman's pregnancy. – When the pregnant woman is about to go on a labor, the cervix will likely shorten and for the baby's passage, the cervix will dilate.Parturients undergo remarkable changes during pregnancy, labor, and the immediate postpartum period that can directly affect anesthetic techniques; hence a broad knowledge of these changes is essential for optimum management of these women.After implantation cervical mucus undergoes changes on the biochemical level. The natural purpose of cervical mucus is contributing to the meeting of the ovum and the sperm cell. Increase of hormonal activity in the first trimester of pregnancy may result in abundant fluid discharge.

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